COVID-19 reports and publications

The ELSA team have produced reports using the COVID-19 Substudy data from the first wave of data collection, which took place in June-July 2020 and also the second wave of data collection, which took place in November-December 2020. 


The reports cover the economic, health and social domains of ELSA and are available to download along with the methodological report via the links below.


Wave 2 reports (November-December 2020 data collection)



Differences in subjective and objective social isolation and subjective loneliness before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

Multimorbidity, access to services and diagnosis of new health conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic

The effect of the pandemic on expected retirement resources


Wave 1 reports (June-July 2020 data collection) 

Changes in older people’s experiences of providing care and of volunteering during the COVID-19 pandemic

The experience of older people with multimorbidity during the COVID-19 pandemic


The experience of older people instructed to shield or self-isolate during the COVID-19 pandemic

Methodology report:
Adapting fieldwork during the COVID-19 outbreak


Financial consequences of the coronavirus pandemic forolder people



The ELSA COVID-19 Substudy data are available to download via the UK Data Service

As such, scientific papers have already been published as detailed below. We will update this page with publications that use the ELSA COVID-19 data.


If you have used the data and cannot see your paper listed here, please tell us.

1.  Demakakos P. Importance of population-based longitudinal studies to understanding the impact of COVID-19. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2021. DOI:10.1136/jech-2021-217114

2.  Di Gessa G, Price D. Changes in health and social well-being in the COVID-19 clinically vulnerable older English population during the pandemic. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2021. DOI:10.1136/jech-2021-216405

3.  Rutland-Lawes J, Wallinheimo AS, Evans SL. Risk factors for depression during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal study in middle-aged and older adults. BJPsych Open. 2021;7(5):e161. DOI:10.1192/bjo.2021.997

4.  Steptoe A, Di Gessa G. Mental health and social interactions of older people with physical disabilities in England during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal cohort study. Lancet Public Health. 2021. DOI:10.1016/s2468-2667(21)00069-4

5.  Wallinheimo AS, Evans SL. More Frequent Internet Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic Associates with Enhanced Quality of Life and Lower Depression Scores in Middle-Aged and Older Adults. Healthcare (Basel). 2021;9(4). DOI:10.3390/healthcare9040393

6.  Di Gessa G, Maddock J, Green MJ, Thompson EJ, McElroy E, Davies HL, et al. Pre-pandemic mental health and disruptions to healthcare, economic and housing outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: evidence from 12 UK longitudinal studies. The British Journal of Psychiatry. 2021:1-10. DOI:10.1192/bjp.2021.132

7. Hamilton OS, Cadar D, Steptoe A. Systemic inflammation and emotional responses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Transl Psychiatry. 2021;11(1):626. DOI:10.1038/s41398-021-01753-5